Royal Canin X-Small Aging 12+ kibbles: advice, composition and dosage

How to interpret the information on the label of Royal Canin Senior X-Small Aging 12+ dry dog ​​food?

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Label information

For which dogs?

Royal Canin X-Small Aging 12+ kibbles are complete kibbles for very small breed dogs, weighing 4kg or less and aged 12 or over.

Ingredients and additives

Composition: rice, maize flour, maize, dehydrated poultry proteins, maize gluten, animal fats, vegetable protein isolate, hydrolyzed animal proteins, chicory pulp, mineral s alts, fish oil, soya oil, teguments and psyllium seeds (1%), tomato (source of lycopene), fructo-oligosaccharides, yeast hydrolyzate (source of mannan-oligosaccharides), borage oil, marigold extract (source of lutein).Additives (per kg): Nutritional additives: Vitamin A: 30000 IU, Vitamin D3: 800 IU, E1 (Iron): 50 mg, E2 (Iodine): 5 mg, E4 (Copper): 15 mg, E5 (Manganese): 65 mg, E6 (Zinc): 149 mg, E8 (Selenium): 0.11 mg - Sensory additives: Tea extract (source of polyphenols): 150 mg - Preservatives - Antioxidants.

Analytical composition

Protein: 24%
Crude fat: 16%
Crude ash: 4.7% Crude fiber: 1.8%

Sources: brand website and product data sheet

Dosage: how much Royal Canin X-Small 12+ kibbles can I give my dog?

Dog weight1kg1.5kg2kg2.5kg3kg3.5kg4kg
Sedentary dogDog with normal physical activityVery active dog

Label analysis

Nutritional profile of the food

The calculated energy density of these kibbles is approximately 372 Kcal per 100g.
22.6% of total energy is provided by protein
40.9% of total energy is provided by assimilable carbohydrates 36.5% of total energy is provided by lipids or fats

energy density=%assimilable carbohydrates3.5 + %proteins3.5 + %lipids8.5


Quantitative protein analysis

The calculated protein-calorie ratio of Royal Canin X-Small Aging 12+ is approximately 64g of protein per 1000Kcal. The protein content of these kibbles is just sufficient to cover the needs of a small, active, unsterilized dog. On the other hand, they seem to lack protein to meet the needs of a sterilized and/or sedentary dog.

Qualitative protein analysis

Source(s) of animal proteinDehydrated poultry proteinOr 2 ingredients out of 18 listed
Vegetable protein sources

Hydrolysate of animal proteins


Corn flour


Corn Gluten

Vegetable Protein Isolate

Or 5 ingredients out of 18 listed

The phosphorus content of these kibbles is 0.55% and their protein-phosphoric ratio is estimated at 43.

Find out more about: the protein-phosphoric ratio

" Least"

The first three ingredients on the list are ingredients of plant origin (rice, corn flour and corn). They were therefore used in larger quantities in these croquettes before cooking. The low phosphorus level of these croquettes supports the fact that they seem to be richer in vegetable proteins than in animal proteins. However, vegetable proteins are less well assimilated and less digestible for the dog than animal proteins.

To read to understand: The protein needs of the dog. Proteins, what are they? What are they used for in dogs?


In these kibbles, lipids are mainly provided by animal fats, fish oil, soybean oil and borage oil. The respective omega-6 and in omega-3 are 3.52% and 0.85% including 0.45% of EPA and DHA (long chain omega-3).

" The most"

These croquettes are sources of long-chain omega-3s and have an omega-6/omega-3 ratio close to 4 and therefore rather balanced.

To read to understand: The lipid needs of the dog. What are lipids? What are they used for in dogs?

Available carbohydrates

In these kibbles, the main sources of assimilable carbohydrates are rice, corn flour and corn. The estimated percentage of assimilable carbohydrates of these kibbles is around 43% .

Absorbable carbohydrates are carbohydrates that provide energy in the form of calories to the dog.Their percentage is calculated according to the following formula: %assimilable carbohydrates=100-%proteins-%lipids-%cellulose-%ash-%moisture. When not specified by the manufacturer, humidity is estimated at 10%.

" The most"

Rice, which is the most digestible source of assimilable carbohydrates for dogs, is the one that appears first in the list of ingredients. It is therefore the one that is present in the greatest quantity in these croquettes before cooking.

" Least"

These kibbles seem a little too rich in assimilable carbohydrates for the dog with a rate of non-nitrogenous extract around 43%.

To read to understand: The carbohydrate needs of the dog

Calcium and phosphorus

The percentages of calcium and phosphorus in these kibbles are 0.70% and 0.55%, i.e. a calcium/phosphorus ratio of 1.3.

" The most"

These kibbles follow FEDIAF recommendations in terms of calcium and phosphorus content.

To read to understand: The calcium needs of the dog

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