Uruguayan Cimarron - Origin, Characteristics and Character

Uruguayan Cimarron: find out what this animal is like, its physical characteristics, character, behavior, etc. With its roots planted in the vast Pampas, the Cimarron breed...

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With its roots planted in the vast Pampas, the Uruguayan Cimarron breed is extremely powerful. This is a dog that is a true survivor, with a long and difficult story to tell. That's why we're going to unravel all the ins and outs of this curious breed and explain where it comes from, what it looks like, what it's like to have it at home, what it needs. and his most important he alth issues.

Do you want to know all the characteristics of the Uruguayan Cimarron? At PlanèteAnimal, we tell you everything you need to know about it!

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  • America
  • Uruguay

FCI Nomenclature

  • Group II

Physical Characteristics

  • Rustic
  • Muscular
  • Proportional


  • Average


  • 45-55

Adult Weight

  • 25-45

Life expectancy

  • 10-12

Recommended physical activity

  • High


  • Balanced
  • Strong
  • Active
  • Dominant

Ideal for

  • House
  • Walking
  • Shepherd
  • The guard
  • Sports


  • Harness

Recommended climate

  • Temperate

Hair type

  • Short
  • Smooth

Origin of the Uruguayan Cimarron

The Uruguayan Cimarron is a dog whose origin is uncertain. All that is known is that it could be the direct descendant of the dogs that arrived in Uruguayan territory accompanying the European conquerors. It is suspected that the current Uruguayan Cimarron is the result of natural selection, as settler dogs that were abandoned or escaped had to survive in a new and unfamiliar environment, and only the strongest survived.

However, their fight for survival doesn't end there. Due to the abundance of food in the areas where they began to breed, attacks by packs of Uruguayan Cimarron on herds and even traveling caravans began. As a result, some were hunted down and killed, and thousands of cimarrons were killed. However, some locals saw the virtues of the breed and decided to domesticate it in order to incorporate it into their daily lives. Thanks to this and the hard work of the fans of these dogs, the breed is as we know it today.

In 1989, the first official recognition of the Uruguayan Cimarron breed was obtained, and its standard was developed by the Kennel Club Uruguayo (KCU). In the case of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale, the standard arrived in 2017.

Characteristics of the Uruguayan Cimarron

In the Uruguayan Cimarron, there is enormous variability between different specimens, but, generally speaking, specimens are medium to large in size.Typically, an adult male weighs around 38 to 45 kilograms and stands 58 to 61 centimeters at the withers, while an adult female weighs between 33 and 40 kilograms and has a height at the withers of between 55 and 58 centimeters. Their life expectancy is 10 to 13 years.

The Uruguayan Cimarron dog is a molosser type. Thus, it is a strong dog, robust and endowed with a powerful musculature which gives it a very athletic appearance. He is an agile dog with great balance. Its legs are straight and well-muscled, while its tail is thick, moderately attached and of low insertion.

" The muzzle of the Uruguayan Cimarron is broad and a little shorter than the skull, its nose is black or the same color as the coat, but it is in any case quite broad. Almond eyes are medium in size, piercing and usually dark in color. The ears, also medium in size, are moderately set on and triangular in shape and they fall to the sides of the head.In the past, the Uruguayan Cimarron&39;s ears were docked, but fortunately this practice is now illegal in most countries For more information on why the Uruguayan Cimarron&39;s or any other dog&39;s ears should not be cropped , do not miss this article: Why it is bad to cut the tail and ears of dogs."

This dog's coat is short, dense, and smooth, with a silkier, denser undercoat than the first coat.

Colors of the Uruguayan Cimarron

The official colors of the Uruguayan Cimarron are bay and brindle in all varieties, including blue brindle and blue bay. He may or may not have a mask. White markings are accepted provided they are located on the throat, lower jaw, belly, chest or legs, but they never reach the wrist joint.

The Uruguayan cimarron puppy

From an early age, the Cimarrons show their strong character and tenacity. These are dogs that, if they are not educated from birth, often have socialization problems, especially with other animals, with which they are territorial and aggressive.

Character of the Uruguayan Cimarron

The Cimarron of Uruguay is a dog with a balanced and very sociable character if it has been properly socialized, but, above all and above all, it stands out for its great security and courage. He is a tenacious dog who never gives up, he does not stop until he has achieved his goals, which sometimes makes him difficult to manage. He is a dog with a very big character.

It is not a breed suitable for those who are not used to owning a dog, because to educate it you will have to be patient and constant.

The Uruguayan Cimarron is best suited to large, open spaces, but there are many specimens that live in apartments with no problem as they are properly stimulated.As for his relationship with other animals, he can sometimes be aggressive with other dogs because, traditionally, he was a guard and hunting dog. It can coexist with children if properly trained.

Caring for a Uruguayan Cimarron

One of the most important requirements for properly caring for a cimarron is exercise (45-60 minutes of intense physical activity/day). The walk is not enough because he needs to run and exercise to stay he althy and calm. You can make him do sports like Agility or jogging.

For the rest, you should know that the Uruguayan Cimarron does not require much attention and it is enough to provide it with a balanced diet adapted to its nutritional needs, good hydration and attention. His coat does not require regular brushing, at least twice a week, to remove dirt and dead hair.Claw trimming is recommended.

For its diet, you can opt for natural dog food with the characteristics of the Uruguay cimarron or follow the BARF diet.

Education of the Uruguayan Cimarron

If we want to educate a Uruguayan cimarron, the task will not be easy because this breed is difficult to train. He is a rather independent and stubborn dog.

It is precisely because of these peculiarities that it is necessary to have some knowledge in dog training. It is therefore not a breed suitable for beginners. When raising and training a Uruguayan cimarron, consistency and positive reinforcement are key. It is also essential to remember to socialize the puppy well so that it learns to behave properly with other dogs, animals and people. If you do all of this, you will have a very sociable dog. If you adopt an adult cimarron who has problems related to a lack of socialization, we recommend that you consult a dog trainer or an ethologist.

In general, the areas that require the most attention in the case of the Uruguayan Cimarron are aggression, possessiveness, territoriality and socialization.

He alth of the Uruguayan Cimarron

In general, given the origins of the breed, which was originally completely wild, it is a dog that enjoys an excellent state of he alth. However, it is not immune to disease. He may suffer, for example, from disorders such as hypothyroidism, which affects the functioning of the thyroid gland, resulting in a deficient production of the thyroid hormone, essential for a good metabolism. Symptoms of hypothyroidism in dogs include fatigue, unexplained weight gain, infections, and thinning of the skin.

Regular veterinary checkups are essential to find out if your dog has this condition and others, as most are detected by basic tests such as blood tests or routine exams.

Other notable conditions include obesity, elbow or hip dysplasia, and gastric torsion. It is therefore essential to feed them well, exercise them and, of course, take them to your veterinarian regularly.

How to adopt a Uruguayan Cimarron?

Adopting an animal should always be a well-considered decision, but this is even more true in the case of the Uruguayan cimarron. Due to its particular characteristics, such as its need for daily physical activity and its very marked character, you must be aware of the workload it represents.

In general, especially in their home country, finding a Uruguayan cimarron to adopt is relatively easy, but educating them is not. So you have to be very careful and, in case of lack of training knowledge, be ready to seek professional help.This last point is very important to ensure that your dog will not be aggressive or destructive.

Pictures of Uruguayan Cimarron

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