RUSSIAN HAMSTER - BEHAVIOR and characteristics with photos and video!

Russian hamster: find out what this animal is like, its physical characteristics, character, behavior, etc. The Russian hamster, as its name suggests, comes from Russia but is...

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The Russian hamster, as its name suggests, comes from Russia but is also present in Kazakhstan. It is a very common pet among children because it does not require excessive care and has a pleasant and even close attitude to those responsible for feeding it.

This rodent can withstand somewhat low temperatures because it comes from the steppe.


  • Asia
  • Europe
  • Kazakhstan
  • Russia

Physical appearance of the Russian hamster

The Russian hamster is a small animal, measuring between 7 and 11 centimeters long, and can weigh between 35 and 50 grams. The tail is short and the body is stocky, which is adorable for many people. In general, in nature, they are found in shades of brown, gray and white. They have a black line on their back and a black spot also on their shoulder. The belly is almost always white.

Omitting the usual colors, those who work in breeding the Russian hamster combine specimens of different colors to obtain the following tones:

  • Sepia, with a golden dorsal line
  • Cinnamon (gray tone)
  • Tangerine (orange)
  • Pearl (light grey)

We can differentiate the male from the female by the distance between the holes of the anus and the vulva.In the female they are closer, while in the male they are further apart. It is also possible to solve this mystery if we identify the testicles in the male.

The Russian hamster and its behavior

He is an exceptionally docile and sociable hamster, perhaps one of the reasons many parents choose him as a pet for their children. However, even if it is a friendly hamster, it is not recommended that they live with a conspecific of the same sex because they are territorial within their own species.

The Russian hamster is more active at night, when we hear him running in his classic wheel while exercising, during the day he usually sleeps more, although he can also stay awake.

One characteristic to keep in mind is that the Russian hamster hibernates, although this does not usually occur in captivity.If he did, he would go an entire week without leaving his nest, which might make you think he's dead. During this period, these hamsters usually play a leading role in an unusual phenomenon, as they moult their entire coat, which becomes lighter.

What do Russian hamsters eat?

They are naturally omnivorous rodents, which means that they eat both seeds and certain insects. In captivity, it is sufficient to offer your Russian hamster seeds such as sunflower seeds, corn, barley, safflower We can also include in their diet once or twice a week fruits such as apples or strawberries (we won't offer citrus) or vegetables like broccoli or green pepper.

At the market, you will find specific seed preparations, you just need to add fruits, vegetables and some additional insects if you wish. Otherwise, you can choose to give them cheese, boiled egg yolk or turkey.

Fresh, clean water is essential for the Russian hamster. Use a water fountain like the one used for rabbits, as it is more comfortable for the animal.

Where does the Russian hamster live?

In nature, the Russian hamster lives in underground galleries although in captivity we will obviously use a cage. You can choose a large terrarium or a suitably sized cage, but you need to be careful that the rungs aren't too far apart or made of material that can break. Otherwise, the cage will allow the Russian hamster to escape.

He must have something to gnaw on because his teeth grow continuously throughout his life. Look for a branch or toy that you can find at any pet store. You should also offer him a wheel for exercise and, if you have space, you can offer him a circuit.

Clean the Russian hamster's cage regularly to prevent disease and avoid dust. You should also remove leftover fruits and vegetables.

What are the diseases of the Russian hamster?

The Russian hamster can suffer from diarrhea if he eats sweets or too many vegetables, remember that he can only eat these extra foods 2 or 3 times a week. He can also suffer from total hair loss if he is weak or lacking in vitamins. Go to your regular store and buy vitamins that can be mixed with water.

If you do not clean the dust from the Russian hamster's cage properly, it can get into the hamster's eyes and cause conjunctivitis. In principle this should subside within a few days, although in very special cases you will need to ask your vet to recommend antibiotics or anti-inflammatories.

Another common disease of the Russian hamster is neurological paralysis which we can identify if the animal ceases to have mobility in the hind extremities. It is usually the result of a fall.

You can prevent all illnesses if you ensure proper nutrition and regular hygiene.

Russian Hamster Pictures

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