Clumber Spaniel - Origin, Traits and Care

Clumber Spaniel: find out what this animal is like, its physical characteristics, character, behavior, etc. The Clumber Spaniel is a French dog that was created by crossing...

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The Clumber Spaniel is a French dog that was created by crossing Alpine and Basset spaniels. It was only at the end of the 18th century, during the French Revolution, that these dogs arrived in the United Kingdom, where they became very popular and where they were no longer used for hunting, but as animals. of company. It is a robust and heavy dog, with an important bone structure, of medium size, longer than it is tall. They have an exceptional character and, thanks to their intelligence, their education is rather simple.

If you want to know all the characteristics of the Clumber spaniel, its origin and its possible he alth problems, continue reading this article from PlanèteAnimal.


  • Europe
  • France

FCI Nomenclature

  • Group VIII

Physical Characteristics

  • Rustic
  • Muscular
  • Lying
  • Short legs
  • Short ears


  • Average


  • 45-55

Adult Weight

  • 25-45

Life expectancy

  • 12-14

Recommended physical activity

  • Average


  • Balanced
  • Society
  • Very loyal
  • Smart
  • Affectionate
  • Quiet
  • Docile
  • Submitted

Ideal for

  • Children
  • Apartment
  • House
  • Walking
  • The hunt
  • Elderly people


  • Harness

Recommended climate

  • Temperate

Hair type

  • Medium
  • Long
  • Smooth

Origin of the Clumber Spaniel

The Clumber Spaniel is a dog of French origin that was born from a cross between a Basset Hound and an Alpine Spaniel (now extinct) in order to be used as a hunting dog. Although its exact origin is still uncertain, the breed is estimated to be over 200 years old. There are two theories about it. The first theory is that the Duc de Noailles traveled to the UK in the late 18th century to protect his dogs during the French Revolution. There he gave his spaniels to the Duke of Newcastle at Clumber Park in Nottinghamshire, and it was there that the breed developed. The second theory is that these dogs actually have a British origin resulting from the crossing of several hunting spaniels with other breeds of dogs.

Prince Albert, who was married to Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, is known to have had seven Clumber spaniels and the breed grew in popularity when King Edward VII began breeding them in Norfolk.Eventually, these dogs ceased to be used for hunting due to their calm and affectionate nature.

Clumber Spaniel Characteristics

The Clumber Spaniel is a medium to long sized dog with large bones, short but straight and strong legs and large round feet. It is a dog close to the ground, with a height of 47-50 cm and a weight of 30-35 kg, so it is massive, corpulent and heavy. His chest is wide and deep and close to the ground.

The Clumber Spaniel's head is square with a pronounced naso-labial stop, heavy muzzle and developed lips. Its ears are large, wide, low set and slightly forward drooping. His eyebrows are very bushy and his eyes are dark amber in color, giving them a soft and kind look. His neck is also wide and powerful. Its tail is low and fringed. Unfortunately, she was usually amputated, but this is a cruel, unnecessary and penalizing practice that should never take place.

Clumber Spaniel Colors

While this dog's most defining feature is its stocky body and short legs, its coat is also remarkable. The coat of this breed is smooth, shaggy, long, soft and profuse, especially on the chest and tail. Generally, they are white dogs with orange or yellowish markings on their ears and muzzle, and some also have freckles on their legs and nose.

Clumber Spaniel Character

The Clumber Spaniel is a dog with an exceptional character, it is a quiet, calm, affectionate and silent dog. It is also a very sociable breed that gets along very well with children and adults, as well as with other animals that it tolerates very well. However, at first, some dogs can be rather reserved, hence the importance of good socialization. They have a very balanced temperament, a great gentleness and they love to play and be alongside their guardians.

On the other hand, their clingy nature also means that they are not dogs that tolerate loneliness well, so it is important to know that they cannot spend many hours alone at home.

Clumber Spaniel Education

The Clumber Spaniel is a very intelligent and obedient dog, which makes it easy to train and educate. If they have been well socialized during their first weeks of life, they are really sociable dogs. Find out how to properly socialize a puppy.

While working on puppy socialization it is important to carry out positive education and training i.e. you should reward good behavior and offer positive alternatives when the dog behaves inappropriately. On the other hand, knowing that it is a dog that does not support loneliness, it is essential to teach him to manage this situation from an early age.

Clumber Spaniel Care

The Clumber Spaniel's coat should be brushed frequently as it is long and profuse. Unlike cats, dogs are not at risk for hairball problems because they do not groom themselves. Brushing in these animals therefore serves to stimulate microcirculation and improve its shine as well as to avoid knots and tangles which, in addition to being a source of infection, predispose to the accumulation of dust and dirt, which promotes the appearance of skin and coat problems.

Hygiene of the teeth, ears and eyes is very important to prevent secondary infections, diseases and inflammations due to the accumulation of dust and dirt, such as periodontal diseases, tartar, caries, otitis and conjunctivitis. It is even more important to take care of your ears to avoid the infections mentioned above.

The Clumber Spaniel is not a dog that requires a lot of physical activity, but it is also not good for him to remain inactive for long periods of time, because, in addition to developing problems with behavior increases the risk of obesity. For this reason, it is important that this dog has a minimum of daily physical activity based on walks or games and some periods of more intense exercise or longer walks during the weekend. In addition, since he is a very intelligent dog who loves to play, it is more than recommended to devote time to games at home, such as games that stimulate his sense of smell or intelligence games.

As far as food is concerned, this dog must be fed with a balanced and quality kibble. The latter must be well proportioned, contain all the nutrients and be administered in a quantity adapted to the state of your dog (age, he alth, physiological state, climate).If the dog follows a homemade diet, it is important to establish it with the advice of a veterinarian specialized in canine nutrition in order to ensure that there are no nutritional deficiencies.

Clumber Spaniel He alth

The Clumber Spaniel is a breed that can live well up to 15 years. He is a strong dog who enjoys good he alth, but who can be predisposed to certain diseases such as:

  • Obesity: As mentioned, low physical activity and a high-calorie diet predisposes these dogs to being overweight, a condition that can predispose them to the development of endocrine or organic diseases.
  • Hip and Elbow Dysplasia: Due to their size and sturdy, heavy boning, these dogs can suffer from orthopedic issues such as incongruence between the bones that make up the elbow or knee joint. the hip, causing osteoarthritis, pain, lameness and muscle atrophy.
  • Eyelid problems: such as entropion (eyelid turned inward) or ectropion (eyelid folded outward), which cause lesions, irritation and infections of the eyeball.
  • Otitis or ear infections: these dogs seem predisposed to developing ear canal infections or inflammation, which can be uncomfortable and painful.

To prevent or treat these diseases and diagnose others at an early stage, it is essential to take your dog to the vet every year. In addition, they must be regularly vaccinated and dewormed to prevent infectious and parasitic diseases.

How to adopt a Clumber Spaniel?

Due to its origin, the Clumber Spaniel is a more common dog in Europe than on any other continent. However, all dogs deserve responsible adoption because they all have the same needs and all offer us the same affection and love.If you are a responsible person and you know what it means to adopt a dog and you are ready to assume all the care and attention, you can go to the shelter closest to you and thus offer a loving family to a dog, whether a Clumber Spaniel or a mix, in need.

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