Pumi - Origin, Characteristics, Feeding and Care

Pumi: find out what this animal is like, its physical characteristics, character, behavior, etc. The Pumi, a breed of dog with the characteristics of the Terrier, is a breed originating...

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The Pumi, a breed of dog with the characteristics of the Terrier, is a breed originating from Hungary. Originally it was used as a herding dog, although throughout its history it has been used for many different jobs. They are an intelligent, restless and very daring breed, but are also very shy when meeting people they do not know.

If you want to know more about the Pumi dog breed, join us in reading this article from PlanèteAnimal and discover the main characteristics of the Pumi dog breed!


  • Europe
  • Hungary

FCI Nomenclature

  • Group I

Physical Characteristics

  • Rustic


  • Average


  • 35-45

Adult Weight

  • 10-25

Life expectancy

  • 12-14

Recommended physical activity

  • High


  • Shy
  • Smart
  • Active

Ideal for

  • Shepherd
  • The guard

Hair type

  • Medium
  • Curly

Origin of the Pumi

The Pumi is a dog originating from Hungary which appeared between the 17th and 18th centuries thanks to a cross between the primitive Puli with terrier-type dogs of German and French origin. Originally, he was bred as a fast and fearless herding dog capable of moving herds through the pastures of western Hungary.

The Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognized the Pumi as a breed in 1954, including it in group I (sheepdogs and cattle dogs), section I (sheepdogs). Currently it is a rare breed outside of Hungary, but in Sweden and Finland it is often used for Agility courses.

Characteristics of the Pumi

The most notable characteristics of the Pumi breed standard are:

  • It is a medium-sized dog: females weigh between 8 and 13 kg and measure between 30 and 44 cm, while males weigh between 10 and 15 kg and measure between 41 and 47 cm.
  • They have a relatively long head: with a barely perceptible stop (nasofrontal depression).
  • His gaze is lively and intelligent: the eyes are dark brown, oval and slightly oblique.
  • All mucous membranes are well pigmented: including the nose, lips and eyelids.
  • " The ears are one of their main characteristics: they are triangular in shape, although the upper third is folded forward. Plus, they&39;re covered in lush curly hair that gives a pom-pom look."
  • Their tail is of high insertion: it generally keeps it rolled up on the rump.
  • Their hairs are wavy or curly but never stiff: they consist of a more resistant outer layer and a softer inner fleece.

Now that you know some of the characteristics of the Pumi, let's see what its main colors are!

Pumi colors

The Pumi's fur can have different shades, but the color must always be united:

  • Grey: in different shades. Typically, these specimens are born black and the color turns gray over time
  • Black
  • Fawn
  • White

Also, they may have white spots on their chest or fingers.

Character of Pumi

This breed is characterized by its high intelligence, agility and daring, which is why it has been used throughout history for many different jobs (guarding, hunting, guarding and defending, etc. ).

His tireless and lively temperament makes him always active and ready to act. They are restless dogs, constantly alert and looking for action. In addition, it is a rather noisy breed that makes itself understood by barking intensely.

Their shyness is a typical characteristic. They are generally wary of strangers, but when surrounded by faces they know, they are very affectionate.

Caring for a Pumi

The Pumi is a fairly rustic breed, which makes it a low-demanding dog in terms of care. However, although they do not require too much care, they still need certain things to be happy and in good physical and mental he alth:

  • Food: As with all other breeds of dog, he must have a quality diet that will be adapted to his age as well as his level of activity. Kibbles and small homemade meals (if they are adapted to the animal's needs) are two perfectly viable options for feeding your Pumi.
  • Exercise: The Pumi is a very active and energetic dog that needs both physical and mental stimulation to be he althy. Although these dogs can adapt to life inside the house, it is important that they have access to an outdoor garden or patio and that they take at least one very long walk per day.
  • Grooming: The Pumi's coat should be brushed every 3 to 6 weeks. Once you have brushed it, we recommend that you dampen the coat so that it curls again.

Training the Pumi

As with all other breeds of dog, and in order to avoid the appearance of all types of behavioral problems, you must start educating him from an early age. Also, with a Pumi, be aware that you should place particular emphasis on socialization from an early age. If they are going to live with children, you absolutely have to work on socialization to prevent your dog from seeing the little ones in the household as a threat.

In general, they are very intelligent dogs, who learn quickly and have a great predisposition to work. To note, you must consider that they are dogs that vocalize a lot, so you must be very careful not to reinforce the barking during training.

Find out all about dog socialization!

Pumi He alth

In general, the Pumi is considered a breed of dog that enjoys a good state of he alth and it is estimated that it can have a life expectancy of between 12 and 13 years. However, like all other breeds of dog, it is not exempt from suffering from diseases, among which we find:

  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Dislocation of the patella
  • Degenerative myelopathy
  • Eye Disorders

Where to adopt a pumi?

As we said above, the Pumi is a rare breed outside of its native Hungary. Therefore, finding a specimen of this breed in animal shelters in our country can be a complicated task.

In case you are considering adopting a Pumi, we recommend that you contact the breed clubs, or with a canine association of your place of residence, so that they can guide you in the search for your future pet. However, remember that what is really important when adopting a dog is not that they meet a breed standard, but that you can meet their needs and lifestyle. .

Pictures of Pumi

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